Binge-drinking on the weekend? Popping a few pills to get by? When does substance use qualify as substance abuse?
When you use substances in place of healthier coping skills.
And when you just can.NOT. overcome addictive and compulsive self-destructive urges – think: drinking, taking drugs, gambling, exercising, shopping, gaming or engaging in self-destructive sexual behavior.
Substance abuse transforms into “addiction” when the user develops a physiological and psychological dependence on the drug or behavior. If you find yourself needing more and more to get what the high you’re looking for, you might be experiencing addiction.
Withdrawal symptoms are also a sure sign of addiction. If you feel awful when you quit smoking, drinking, drugging … or doing anything else compulsively, you may have an addiction.
Commonly abused substances include alcohol, nicotine, marijuana, and drugs, such as prescription opioids, cocaine, sleep aids & tranquilizers, and heroin. General indicators of substance abuse/addiction may include:
Please seek help immediately if your substance use makes you feel out of control—especially if you think you might be in danger of harming yourself or someone you know!
Many individuals who abuse drugs and alcohol or engage in self-destructive behaviors often have a co-occurring psychological condition that encourages substance use as a method of “self-medication” to alleviate the distressing symptoms of the original condition.
Effective counseling for addiction will Identify this underlying condition—whether anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, PTSD, sexual or physical trauma, etc.—and challenge your assumptions about the substance serving as a “valuable” coping mechanism. Your therapist will help you to evaluate how your substance use affects yourself and others and help you to identify effective alternatives for coping.
Your therapist can also connect you with resources that are appropriate to treat your form of substance abuse.
Your therapist may recommend 12-Step or support groups to supplement your treatment, a Harm Reduction model of therapy (which involves managing your substance use in lieu of complete cessation), alternative therapies (mindfulness, meditation, or psychotherapeutic yoga), or inpatient care/rehab to provide you with around the clock professional/medical care while you recover.
Your therapist may also recommend family counseling or couples counseling to assist others in best learning how to support you, to resolve conflicts related or accessory to your drug use, to equip others with coping mechanisms for understanding your condition, and to address issues of codependency (where one partner or family member unintentionally enables your addiction).
Recovery from substance abuse and addiction is a life-long journey—and it may be the hardest thing you ever do—but it’s worth it! Lifeologie can help you get your life back!