All people experience depression at one time or another. Triggers can include the death of a family member, a career setback, or the breakup of a relationship. For most, the feeling of depression is short-lived after the trigger. However, for many people the sadness can persist for long periods, even getting worse over time, ultimately impacting one’s daily life.
Depression is extremely common. Only anxiety disorders are more common. In any given year, 7% or more of adults in the US are experiencing depression. In addition, men and women experience depression in different ways. Typically, women are twice as likely to have depression, while men with depression have an increased likelihood of suicide.
There are several different types of clinical depression. These include
The broadest form of depression is Major depressive disorder, which involves a consistently depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in normal activities for a period of at least two weeks. Variations of major depression, such as seasonal affective disorder and postpartum depression, have more specific causes and will involve slightly different treatments by our counselors.
Depression is classified as a mood disorder, which is any disorder that affects one’s mood. If one’s mood is consistently lower, it is defined as depression, while fluctuations in mood from the extremes could point to a bipolar condition. A person with bipolar disorder may experience severe depression at times but then rebound in an overly optimistic manner, only to bounce back and forth. The presence of depression with extreme mood swings or mania is usually a sign that the person has bipolar disorder, not a depressive disorder. Find a professional counselor near you to help with the diagnosis.
If you or your loved one are interested in getting professional help to overcome depression, contact us at our Lifeologie Counseling Oak Cliff, 972-590-8030.