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5 Common Responses to a Sexual Assault

Sexual assault and rape are traumatic experiences that have long lasting effects. Survivors of sexual violence may face a range of emotions and reactions. There is no right or wrong way to react following an assault. Some survivors behave as if nothing occurred, others may laugh as they discuss the assault while others may shake and cry. Although each survivor is unique and reacts to trauma in their own way, there are common reactions that they may encounter immediately after the assault and during their journey towards emotional and physical healing.

1. Shock

Survivors may experience shock and disbelief. The shock may feel so overwhelming that survivors may feel numb or detached from their lives.

2. Fear

Survivors may fear that the perpetrator will harm them should they disclose the assault. They may also fear that they will be assaulted again. Survivors may become hypervigilant to their surroundings in an effort to keep themselves safe. Some survivors report being aware of everyone who enters a room and knowing where the nearest exits are located.

3. Guilt and Shame

Survivors may blame themselves for the assault. Some survivors report that they had a “bad feeling” about a person and, because they “ignored” it, they are responsible for the assault. Other survivors may have a close relationship with their perpetrator and believe that perhaps they were sending “mixed signals”. There are also societal messages that may exacerbate a survivor’s feelings of guilt and shame. Ultimately, it does not matter what the survivor was wearing, whether they were intoxicated or whether they knew their assailant. The only person responsible for the sexual assault is the perpetrator.

4. Loss of Control

Sexual violence is caused by the perpetrator’s desire to have power and control over someone else. Following a sexual assault, it is common for survivors to continue to feel that they do not have control over their bodies.

5. Physical Symptoms

In addition to the emotional and mental reactions, survivors may also have a number of physical reactions. Nausea, gastrointestinal issues, back pain, headaches, loss of appetite, racing heartbeat and difficulty sleeping are some of the normal and common responses to the trauma of sexual violence.


Surviving a sexual assault can be an incredibly difficult experience. But know that there is hope. Many survivors of sexual assault are able to heal from their experiences and find joy in their lives. We have several skilled therapists at Lifeologie who can help you through this journey. We are here to support you!

About the Author

Sarai Contreras provides counseling services in Grand Rapids, Michigan As a mental health professional, Sarai Contreras, is dedicated to helping people navigate through struggles like anxiety ,depression, & PTSD recovery in Grand Rapids. To set up an appointment with Sarai or one our talented counselors, contact us!